Protecting Livestock. Improving Human Lives

Endemicity of Taenia solium cysticercosis in pigs from Mbeya Rural and Mbozi districts, Tanzania

Author: Mwemezi L. Kabululu, Helena A. Ngowi, James E. D. Mlangwa, Ernatus M. Mkupasi, Uffe C. Braae, Chiara Trevisan, Angela Colston, Claudia Cordel & Maria V. Johansen

Year: 2020

About this Publication:

Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis is a disease of substantial economic and public health importance particularly in low–income countries. The disease was reported to be endemic in Mbeya Rural and Mbozi districts, in the southern highlands of Tanzania, the major pig production area in the country. In 2008, using B158/B60 antigen detection enzyme–linked immunosorbent assay (Ag–ELISA), porcine cysticercosis prevalence of up to 32% was reported in the districts. A number of interventions have been implemented in selected villages including an integrated approach consisting of improving pig confinement and selective treatment of pigs with oxfendazole. Mass drug administration with praziquantel targeting schistosomiasis, with an expected effect on T. solium, was also provided to school–age children in the area. This study aimed at providing an update on prevalence and intensities of porcine cysticercosis; and assessing farmers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices which could be associated to disease transmission in the area. The study involved a questionnaire survey conducted using face–to–face household interviews with 890 consenting farmers; and carcass dissections performed on 282 pigs randomly selected from the surveyed households.

Grant: PLSHL2

Subject Areas: Research and Development

Diseases: Porcine Cysticercosis



Porcine Cysticercosis, Prevalence, Taenia solium, Tanzania, taeniasis


Tanzania, United Republic Of

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