Protecting Livestock. Improving Human Lives

Development and Evaluation of a Combined Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) and Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) Live Vaccine

Author: Najete Safini, Soufiane Belmejdoub, Zahra Bamouh, Mohamed Jazouli, Jihane Hamdi, Zineb Boumart, Halima Rhazi, Khalid Omari Tadlaoui and Mehdi El Harrak

Year: 2022

About this Publication:

Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm) is the causative agent of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP). Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a viral disease of cattle caused by lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV). LSD and CBPP are both transboundary diseases spreading in the same areas of Africa and Asia. A combination vaccine to control CBPP and LSD offers significant value to small-scale livestock keepers as a single administration. Access to a bivalent vaccine may improve vaccination rates for both pathogens. In the present study, we evaluated the LSDV/CBPP live com-bined vaccine by testing the generation of virus neutralizing antibodies, immunogenicity, and safety on target species. In-vitro assessment of the Mycoplasma effect on LSDV growth in cell culture was evaluated by infectious virus titration and qPCR during 3 serial passages, whereas in-vivo interfer-ence was assessed through the antibody response to vaccination. This combined Mmm/LSDV vac-cine could be used to protect cattle against both diseases with a single vaccination in the endemic countries. There were no adverse reactions detected in this study and inoculated cattle produced high levels of specific antibodies starting from day 7 post-vaccination, suggesting that this combi-nation vaccine is both safe and effective.

Grant: VITAL

Subject Areas: Research and Development

Diseases: Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia, Lumpy Skin Disease



CBPP, Lumpy Skin Disease, Vaccine

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